GRANTING OF A CONSTITUTION 503 legerdemain excited wonder among the simple Persians. As would have been the case in medieval Europe, his skill offended religious feeling, and the Shah, who was displeased with him on another account,1 ordered him to leave Persia. Some years after, in the sixties, he re- appeared at Teheran and founded a Masonic Lodge. The Faramush Khana, or " House of Forgetfulness,"2 as it is termed, attracted the Persians strongly by its combination of novelty and mystery ; and many members of the best families became initiated. Nasir-u-Din at first looked on this new departure as a passing fashion, but Ferrukh Khan, the successful negoti- ator of the Treaty of Paris, frightened His Majesty by saying that, if he allowed his subjects to become initiated, they might conspire against him. Moved by this argu- ment, the Shah imprisoned the Master of the Lodge, a prince of the blood, and other initiates ; and Malkom Khan was again ordered to leave Persia. Nothing daunted, he secured the support of Mirza Husayn Khan, at that time Persian Ambassador at Constantinople, and through his influence was appointed Minister in London in 1872. While holding this appointment he was given the title of Prince. When Nasir-u-Din visited England in 1889 he granted Malkom Khan, in return for a comparatively small gift, a concession for a Persian lottery. The Minister sold it for a large sum, and an English company was formed to work it. The Mullas, however, objected that these lotteries were a form of gambling, which is for- bidden by the Koran. The Amin-u-Sultan took their part and tried to induce Malkom Khan to surrender the con- cession. The latter, however, pointed out that he had sold it and therefore could not do what was asked. The Amin-u-Sultan then sent an abusive telegram to Malkom 1 An eye-witness tells me that one day Malkom Khan produced an order for a salary of one thousand tomans and said to the Shah, u Why is not my salary paid ?" The Shah denied that he had issued an. order in Malkom Khan's favour, and declared that, although the official document was correct, he would only accept a document sealed with the royal private seal dipped in the special ink of the Shah. Malkom Khan immedi- ately produced out of his pocket an order fulfilling all these requirements, whereupon the Shah sagely remarked that such a man was far too clever to be kept in Persia. 2 The Persian, if asked about the secrets of masonry, replies that he has forgotten.